Coronavirus poses a threat to anyone’s health, but there are people who are more vulnerable and more at risk of developing severe complications. People who have underlying health conditions and elder adults are high-risk people from the virus and should take extra precautions in our current situation.
Although there are people who mildly experience the symptoms of COVID-19 and can recover at home safely, it might not be that easy for people who have other health conditions and older adults. So if you or a loved one is categorized under higher-risk people, here are things that you need to know to lower the possibility of getting infected.
Who Are the People Categorized Under High-Risk From the Virus?
As a person ages, the risk of developing dangerous symptoms also increases. Adults who are age 65 and older are one of those people categorized under higher-risk from the virus. According to the report made by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 80% of deaths in the United States have been in people age 65 or older. There are even higher risks for older adults when they have underlying health conditions.
Also, people of any age are also vulnerable to serious illnesses from the virus especially if they have health conditions such as:
Heart disease, diabetes, and obesity
Cancer and certain blood disorders
Weakened immune system
Chronic kidney or liver disease
What Are the Basic Steps for High-Risk People in Protecting Themselves From Unnecessary Risks?
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have recommended the following steps to reduce the risk of being infected by the virus. Since no vaccine is available at the moment to prevent infection, these safety precautions will be helpful to avoid COVID-19:
Refrain from attending large events and mass gatherings.
Avoid anyone who is sick. Maintain a distance of 6 feet or about 2 meters with others.
Choose to stay home as much as possible and maintain distance from others especially if COVID-19 starts to spread in your community.
Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water. If not available, use a hand sanitizer that is alcohol-based and contains at least 60% alcohol.
If you can’t avoid going out and there it is impossible to avoid public space and close contact with other people, be sure to use a cloth face mask to cover your face.
Use your elbow or a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Dispose the used tissue properly and wash your hands immediately.
Do not touch your face especially your nose, eyes, and mouth.
Sharing glasses, dishes, towels, beddings, and other household items is discouraged, especially if you are feeling sick.
Ensure that high-touch surfaces, such as light switches, doorknobs, counters, and electronics are cleaned and disinfected daily.
If you feel sick, better stay home and avoid going to school, work, and public areas, unless you are going to visit the hospital or the center for medical care. Also, refrain from taking public transportation, taxis, and ride-sharing.
What Are Extra Steps That You Should Take If You Are at Higher Risk of Infection or of Developing Serious COVID-19 Symptoms?
Ensure that you have stocks of over-the-counter medications.or at least a 30-day supply of your regular prescription.
Catching influenza or pneumonia can make you vulnerable to the diseases brought about by the virus. Ensure that your vaccinations are up to date.
Set appointments with your doctors via phone or video conference, if possible. This one of the alternate ways of communicating with your doctors especially if you have to stay home for a few weeks.
Arrange for delivery orders of groceries, medications, restaurant meals to keep you from leaving your home.
If you have any questions about your medical conditions and about COVID-19 or if you are ill, seek medical help from your doctor. Call your local emergency number or go to your local emergency department if you need immediate medical care.
Confirm with your doctor if there are other options appropriate like a virtual visit, delaying the appointment, and in-person visit if you have questions about non-critical medical appointments.
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